Research

The Cross-National Market in Human Beings

Human trafficking, as defined here, is moving human beings across borders for the purpose of enslaving them. Human trafficking may be in the sex trade, forced labor or service, extraction of body parts, or other forms of exploited labor or debt bondage. The market is believed to be extensive, with its own distribution channels, pricing systems, and other market functions. The purposes of this article are to present an understanding of cross-border human trafficking as a marketing system, to explicate the societal effects of that system, and to show how the extent of cross-border trafficking may be estimated, using as an example several countries where it is believed to be a substantial problem. Additionally, we seek to show that cross-border human trafficking may be a much more serious problem than what is visible to governments.

Publication Information
Article Title: The Cross-National Market in Human Beings
Journal: Journal of Macromarketing (Jun, 2009)
Vol. 29 Issue 2, p119-134 ISSN 0276-1467
Author(s): PENNINGTON, J;  Ball, A. Dwayne;  Hampton, Ronald D;  Soulakova J,
Researcher Information
    
Ball, A. Dwayne
Ball, A. Dwayne
Emeritus
Expertise:
  • Customer Relationship Marketing
  • Database Marketing
  • Market Research
  • Services Marketing
Marketing
HLH 345
P.O. Box 880492
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NE 68588-0492, USA
Phone: (402) 472-2316
Fax: (402) 472-9777
dball1@unl.edu
Hampton, Ronald D
Hampton, Ronald D
Emeritus
Expertise:
  • International Marketing
  • Marketing Management
  • Retail Management
  • Leadership
  • Consumer Behavior
Marketing
HLH 345
P.O. Box 880492
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NE 68588-0492, USA
Phone: (402) 472-2316
Fax: (402) 472-9777
ron@unl.edu