Knowledge Sharing: Effects of Cooperative Type and Reciprocity Level
Knowledge sharing is an important research area in knowledge management. This study broadens
the perspective on knowledge sharing by investigating an individual’s behavior type as a
cooperator, reciprocator, and free rider toward knowledge contribution. In this study, we view
shared knowledge in a community of practice as a public good and adopt a theory of reciprocity
to explain how different cooperative types affect knowledge contribution. In the perspective of
shared knowledge as a public good, people may react in three ways: they share knowledge without
need for reciprocity (cooperators), they feel obligated to share their knowledge (reciprocators),
or they take knowledge for granted (free riders). Analytic and simulation results reveal that the
fraction of cooperators is positively related to total knowledge contribution and to the reciprocity
level, while the reciprocity level positively affects knowledge contribution.
||Knowledge Sharing: Effects of Cooperative Type and Reciprocity Level
International Journal of Knowledge Management (2006)
Vol. 2, No. 4
||Lee, Sang M; Kim, J.; Olson, D.