Research

Ritual-Based Behavior that Reinforces Hegemonic Masculinity in Golf: Variations in Women Golfers’ Responses

Golf is male dominated and consists of rituals and ritualized behaviors that both reflect and help create hegemonic masculinity. Using in-depth interviews with amateur committed women golfers, we explored how women negotiated masculinized rituals in golf. Our data indicated three ways: (a) accommodating (i.e., acknowledging masculine rituals and working around them), (b) unapologetic (i.e., challenging masculine rituals that threaten entitlement to golf and attempting to create women inclusive alternatives), and (c) remaining unaware (i.e., focusing on golf as a sport and ignoring or denying masculine dimensions of golf rituals). Many of the women golfers studied experienced communitas (i.e., a heightened sense of community), but not at the same level of engagement as most male golfers.

Publication Information
Article Title: Ritual-Based Behavior that Reinforces Hegemonic Masculinity in Golf: Variations in Women Golfers’ Responses
Journal: Leisure Sciences (Feb, 2009)
Vol. 31 Issue 1, p19-36, 18p, ISSN 0149-0400
Author(s): McGinnis, L. P.;  Gentry, James W;  McQuillan, J.
Researcher Information
    
Gentry, James W
Gentry, James W
Emeritus
Expertise:
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Cross-Cultural Issues
  • Family Decision Making
  • International Consumerism
  • International - Asia
Marketing
HLH 345
P.O. Box 880492
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NE 68588-0492, USA
Phone: (402) 472-2316
Fax: (402) 472-9777
jgentry@unl.edu